The utilization of nuclear technology in everyday life. Nuclear energy is a type of nuclear technology. That involves using the control of nuclear fission reactions. Nuclear technology is growing very rapidly because of the efficient nuclear. Also nuclear can produce electricity. It is the renewable energy.
Utilization of nuclear technology Field of Medicine.
For health can use nuclear technology. Either for diagnosis or for treatment or therapy.
Radioactive isotope cobalt at a certain dose against cancer cells. These cells will die, while normal cells are not so affected during treatment. Also to diagnose the patient’s illness. Without having to perform surgery. Doctors usually use X-rays. Besides, nuclear medicine is also able to detect the recurrence of cancer.
Since decades ago, various national hospitals have utilized domestic production radioisotope. For the purposes of diagnosis or treatment of various kinds of diseases.
The field of medicine has benefited from nuclear engineering. Like a medical examination using a camera gamma plane, the prototypes. To diagnose kidney function. A useful prototype X-ray plane diagnoses the organ anatomy. Thyroid uptake-prototype for hyacinth test. And brachytherapy used as a cervical cancer therapy, coronary heart examination. Also, detect bleeding in the digestive tract.
Besides to Brachytherapy, Cs-137 and Co-60 radioisotope are also used for Teleterapi. Lately, teletype using Cs-137 radioisotope is no longer recommended for use. In this decade the number of the Co-60 teletherapy plane began. Currently, it has also been widely used for the purposes of Gamma Knife. As another way of cancer treatment located in the head.
The current radioisotope generator also plays a major role. In producing radioisotopes for health. Especially nuclear medicine. The production, development, and use of the Mo-99 / Tc-99m generator. It is a positive impact in nuclear applications for health and pharmaceuticals. This generator also reduces the dose received by the patient.
Nuclear Technology for Malaria Vector Infection. One way of sterilizing a mosquito/vector is by way of ionizing radiation. Imposed on one of its developmental stages. Radiation for this sterilization can use gamma rays, X-rays or neutrons.
Another ability is to determine the location of abnormalities in circumstances. Which the tumor blood levels in the blood increases. Check organ function and detect the damage caused by treatment. For example, track the heart function of patients who received chemotherapy treatment. Too, bone imaging using
Utilization of nuclear technology Biological Field
The study of the mechanisms of photosynthetic reactions. This radioisotope, a form of carbon-14 (C-14) or oxygen-18 (O-18). Determine the origin of oxygen atoms. That will form the glucose or oxygen compound produced in the photosynthesis process.
a) Measurement of Age of Organic Materials
Radioisotopes of carbon-14, formed in the upper atmosphere. From the shooting of nitrogen atoms to neutrons formed by cosmic radiation.
The radioactive carbon is on the surface of the earth as carbon dioxide in the air. And as hydrogen carbonate ions in the sea. So, radioactive carbon that accompanies growth through photosynthesis. Eventually, there is an equilibrium between the accepted carbon-14. And that decays in plants and animals. So about reach 15.3 dis/min of carbon gram. This liveliness remains within a few thousand years. When living organisms die and this activity decreases. Thus, the age of carbonaceous material estimated from the measurement of its liveliness and the half-life of 14C. (12 T = 5,730 years).
b) Other uses of radioisotopes in the field of biology are as follows
Studying the process of water absorption and circulation in the stem of the plant.
Studying the effects of nutrients other than N, P, and K elements on plant growth.
Encourage the mutation of plant genes to get superior seeds.
Studying dynamic equilibrium.
Learn the reaction of the shearing.
Utilization of nuclear technology in Food Field.
With certain radiation doses of bacteria and salmonella present in food and beverage products. So that food conditions remain fresh and intact, and also no side effects. Nuclear technology is good for food.
Food irradiation is the process of exposing food to ionizing radiation. The goal is to destroy the microorganisms, bacteria, viruses, or insects that are in the diet. The types of radiation used are gamma rays, X-rays, and electrons. Other applications include the prevention of uni processes. And inhibition of fruit ripening increased fruit yield and increased rehydration. So irradiation is exposure (radiation with radiation) a material attain technical benefits.
Various types of food preserved with a safe dose of irradiation. So that it has long life storage. Gamma-ray radiation performed on food preservation:
= Eradicate microorganisms. For example in the preservation of spices, such as pepper, cilantro, and candlenut.
= Inhibits repletion. For example for the preservation of plants. That breed with the formation of shoots, such as potatoes, onions, ginger, and turmeric.
Utilization of nuclear technology Field of Archeology
Determining the age of fossils with C-14. Radioisotopes play a role in determining the age of a fossil. When living things are alive, the radioisotope content of carbon-14 is in a constant state. Same with the content in the constantly waking atmosphere of the earth. Due to the influence of cosmic rays at about 14 DPM (disintegrations per minute) in 1 gram of carbon. This is because these living things are still involved in the carbon cycle in nature. But, since the living creature is dead, it is no longer involved in the carbon cycle in nature. The radioisotope carbon-14 which has a half-life of 5730 years undergoes continuous decay.
Utilization of nuclear technology Hydrology Field
a) To test the flow velocity of a stream or mudflow
b) To detect leaks in underground pipes
To detect leaks in pipes grew underground. Normally used radioisotope Na-24 in the form of salt NaCl or Na2CO3. This Na-24 radioisotope can emit gamma rays. Detector by using Geiger Counter radioactive counter. Excessive radiation intensity indicates leakage. To test the leakage of metal connections on the framing of the plane. It can also use Radioisotopes.
Utilization of nuclear technology Field of Industry
Currently, the industry has been using radioactive. For example. The fertilizer industry and the Company are looking for new sources of petroleum. That is in the bowels of the earth. The process of sterilization, material quality testing, and construction also use nuclear technology.
a) Examination without damage.
Gamma-ray radiation to check for defects in metal. Or welded joints, ie by reconciling the material. The radiation intensity decreases. In the hollow section, the film will be black.
b) Controlling the thickness of the material
The thickness of a sheet-like product, such as film paper or metal plate. Also utilizes nuclear technology. radiation control process. That the intensity of radiation depends on the thickness of the material traversed. If the sheet becomes thicker, the radiation intensity will decrease.
c) Preservation of ingredients
Radiation has also been widely used to preserve materials such as wood, art goods, and others. Radiation can improve the quality of textiles because it changes the fiber structure. So much stronger or better quality absorption color.
d) Improve the quality of textiles, for example: change the structure of textile fibers.
e) To study the effect of oil and additives on the machine as long as the machine is working
In industry, Distributed Control System (DCS). Nucleonic Control System (NCS). It is to detect various errors or abnormalities in the industrial tool work system. DSC and NSC will automatically control. If there are any abnormalities in operation especially in the production system.
Utilization of nuclear technology in Other Fields
Measure elements and content of particles scattered in the air.
The search for underground water and offering salt water, also using nuclear technology.
In the field of construction, especially road technology. Nuclear technology to measure moisture and soil density, asphalt, and concrete. Use of nuclear technology is also to determine the density. For example to determine the tobacco density of cigarettes used Sr-90. Determine the thickness of the paper.